conveyor head and tail pulley

Conveyor Head and Tail Pulley

Conveyor Head and Tail Pulley

Introduction to Conveyor Pulleys

Conveyor pulleys are essential components of a conveyor system, providing the driving force and direction for the belt. They are typically located at the ends of the conveyor system, known as the head and tail pulleys.

Understanding the Head Pulley

The head pulley is the drive pulley, responsible for driving the belt and located at the discharge end of the conveyor. It is often larger in diameter to provide more traction and is sometimes lagged to increase friction.

The Role of the Tail Pulley

The tail pulley is located at the loading end of the conveyor. It is primarily used to redirect the belt back to the drive pulley and maintain proper tension in the belt system.

Materials and Coatings

Conveyor pulleys can be made from various materials, including steel, aluminum, and rubber-coated surfaces. These materials provide durability and extended lifespans in different operating environments.

Lagging Options

Lagging is a layer of material added to the pulley surface to improve traction. Common lagging materials include rubber, ceramic, and polyurethane, each offering different benefits such as increased grip, wear resistance, and extended service life.

Design Considerations

When designing a conveyor pulley, factors such as load capacity, belt speed, environmental conditions, and pulley diameter must be considered to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

Maintenance and Inspection

Regular maintenance and inspection of conveyor pulleys are crucial to ensure the system's reliability. This includes checking for wear, alignment, and proper lubrication of the bearings.

Common Failures and Troubleshooting

Common failures in conveyor pulleys include bearing failures, excessive wear, and lagging separation. Troubleshooting these issues involves identifying the root cause and implementing corrective measures such as replacing worn components or improving maintenance practices.

Innovative Technologies in Pulley Design

Advancements in pulley design include the use of composite materials, improved lagging options, and advanced manufacturing techniques to create more efficient and durable pulleys.

Environmental Considerations

Environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, and exposure to chemicals can impact the performance of conveyor pulleys. Selecting the right materials and coatings can help mitigate these effects.

Applications of Head and Tail Pulleys

Head and tail pulleys are used in various industries, including mining, manufacturing, and logistics. Their applications range from bulk material handling to packaging and distribution systems.

Round Belts & Pulleys

Round belts are used in applications where the belt needs to twist or turn through multiple planes. These belts are highly flexible and can be used in compact spaces.

Round pulleys are designed to accommodate round belts, offering smooth and efficient power transmission. They are often made from materials such as aluminum or plastic.

belt pulley

Types of V-Belt Pulleys

V-belt pulleys are categorized based on their groove profiles, sizes, and materials. Each type offers unique benefits for specific applications.

Classical V-Belt Pulleys: These pulleys have a trapezoidal cross-section and are used in various industrial applications for their versatility and durability.

Narrow V-Belt Pulleys: Narrow V-belts and pulleys offer improved efficiency and higher power transmission capabilities, suitable for high-performance applications.

Metric V-Belt Pulleys: Metric V-belt pulleys are designed to meet international standards, providing compatibility with global machinery and equipment.

Double V-Belt Pulleys: Double V-belt pulleys feature grooves on both sides, allowing for multiple belt configurations and increased power transmission.

Variable Speed V-Belt Pulleys: These pulleys allow for adjustable speed settings, offering flexibility in controlling the speed of machinery and equipment.

belt pulley

V-Belt Pulley Components

V-belt pulleys consist of several key components, each playing a crucial role in the system's operation. These components include the hub, flange, and keyway.


The hub is the central part of the pulley, connecting it to the shaft. It provides stability and ensures the pulley rotates smoothly without wobbling.


The flange is the outer rim of the pulley, providing support and guiding the belt along the pulley groove. It helps maintain proper belt alignment and prevents slippage.


The keyway is a slot within the pulley hub that aligns with the key on the shaft. This ensures a secure connection between the pulley and the shaft, preventing rotation slippage.

Choosing the Right Belt Pulley

When selecting or customizing a belt pulley, several parameters and conditions must be considered to ensure compatibility and optimal performance.

Load Requirements

The load requirements of the application determine the pulley size and material. Heavier loads require stronger materials and larger diameters to ensure durability and performance.

Belt Compatibility

Ensuring the pulley is compatible with the belt type is crucial. Different belts, such as V-belts, round belts, and timing belts, require specific pulley designs to function correctly.

Environmental Conditions

Environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, and exposure to chemicals must be considered. Selecting materials and coatings that can withstand these conditions ensures the pulley¡¯s longevity.

Speed Requirements

The speed at which the pulley operates affects its design and material selection. High-speed applications may require specialized materials and designs to handle the increased stress and wear.

Customization Options

Customization options such as size, materials, and coatings allow for tailored solutions to meet specific application needs. Custom pulleys ensure optimal performance and longevity for unique applications.

belt pulley

HZPT's Commitment to Quality and Service

HZPT specializes in designing, developing, and manufacturing high-performance parts, as well as sourcing and exporting aftermarket automotive parts to meet all customer needs. Our products are highly regarded in the European, South American, and Australian markets, earning the trust of many customers.

Our priority is product quality, and we adhere to a "customer-first service" policy. With a young, dynamic, and capable team, we believe we can provide professional services to meet any of your requirements. One of our advantages is fast delivery.

In China, we have a professional factory for developing new products and offering OEM services. Additionally, we maintain a well-stocked warehouse to promptly distribute goods and meet the needs of many customers. We will continually strive to improve our services and provide the best quality products at competitive prices. Any inquiries or feedback are highly appreciated, so please feel free to contact us.

Why Choose HZPT Belt Pulleys

High-Quality Materials: We use only top-grade materials to ensure our pulleys withstand the rigors of industrial use and offer long service life.

Innovative Designs: Our pulleys feature advanced designs that enhance performance and efficiency, catering to various industrial needs.

Customization Options: We offer extensive customization options to meet specific requirements, ensuring the best fit for your applications.

Competitive Pricing: Our products are priced competitively, offering excellent value without compromising on quality.

Expert Support: Our team of experts is available to provide guidance and support, ensuring you get the right pulley for your needs.

belt pulley


Recent Posts